• Create an MS Family to share your computing resources

    ISSUE 16.26.0 • 2019-07-15

    The AskWoody Plus Newsletter

    In this issue

    WINDOWS 10: Create an MS Family to share your computing resources

    BEST OF THE LOUNGE: Microsoft quietly adds new telemetry to Win7 patch

    LANGALIST: Win10’s 18-month ‘service life‘ complicates updates

    PATCH WATCH: July updates come with a few warts

    BEST UTILITIES: Freeware Spotlight — Eraser

    WINDOWS 10

    Create an MS Family to share your computing resources

    Lance WhitneyBy Lance Whitney

    Setting up a Microsoft Family lets you easily give others access to your Windows computer, Office 365 subscription, and shared Outlook calendar.

    We tend to be very protective of our computers. We’re often reluctant to let others use our personal machines because, well, we each have things we want to keep private. But Microsoft and Windows give you an option have it both ways: privacy and sharing.

    Creating a Microsoft Family gives you more control over sharing a Win10 PC, Office subscription, calendar, and — most important — a child’s access to the Internet. MS Family members can be adults or children, relations or friends, but each person must have their own, separate Microsoft Account.

    To create an MS Family, start by browsing to the Microsoft Family website. Next, click the button to Create a family group (see Figure 1) and sign in with your Microsoft account.

    Set up a Microsoft Family
    Figure 1. Setting up a Microsoft Family starts online.

    In the next screen, you add family members by choosing either Child or Adult and entering the person’s mobile phone number or email address. Click the Send invite button (see Figure 2); you can then invite another person or click Close to shut down the invitation window.

    Add a family member
    Figure 2. Adding a family member requires sending them an invitation to join your MS Family group.

    New members will be listed as “Pending” until they accept your invitation. If you change your mind about adding someone to your MS Family, you can easily remove them in the main Your family window; simply click the Remove link next to their name (or the “Remove from family group” link under their name). You can also resend an invite if you did not receive a response — or the person needs a friendly reminder.

    When the recipient receives the text message or email invitation, they simply click or tap the included Join button (link). The person has 14 days to respond before the invitation expires. Clicking Join opens a page in their browser, where they’ll be prompted to sign in to their Microsoft account and then click the Join the family button. (Note: You can be a member of only one MS Family at a time.)

    If notifications are enabled on your Win10 PC, you’ll receive a notification informing you that the person has joined your family. You’ll also receive an email alert. Or check the Microsoft Family page, where you should see a list of everyone who’s a member.

    Adding children to the MS Family lets you manage their activities on Microsoft sites and services. You can, for example, give them what amounts to an allowance for shopping in Windows and Xbox stores. You can also get reports on their online activity, set age limits for rated content, establish time limits for using devices, check the health and safety of their devices, help them participate in Skype calls, and find them on a map.

    Once you’ve completed your initial Family setup, head back to the main Your family webpage to see who’s listed and to check the status of open invitations (see Figure 3).

    Your ffamily webpage
    Figure 3. Use the Your family webpage to manage family members.

    You can also add a family member in Windows 10. Open Settings and select Accounts. Next, select the subcategory Family & other users. Click Add a family member and select Child or Adult. Enter the person’s email address (see Figure 4); the rest of the process works the same as inviting a member from the Family website.

    Add a child or an adult
    Figure 4. Adding an MS Family member in Windows 10 is nearly identical to using the online Your family page.

    Sharing family resources

    Now that you’ve created an MS Family, you can start sharing some resources with members. Let’s start with allowing others in your family access to your PC. On the Accounts/Family & other users screen, click the name of the person who will be given rights to the system and select Allow (see Figure 5). In the “Allow this person to sign in” popup, click Allow again.

    Family & other users
    Figure 5. MS Family members can be given their own, separate accounts on your PC.

    Restart or sign out of Windows 10. The sign-in screen will now display the account name of the person you added to your computer. (Note: The first time they sign in, Windows will take a few minutes to set up the new user. By default, they will not have administrator rights.)

    This is, of course, similar to simply adding another user to your PC. But using an MS Family adds a few extras. For example, if you use Office 365 Home, which allows up to six users, your subscription is automatically shared with other Family members.

    To check this, go to your online Microsoft account page and select Subscriptions. Under “Office 365 Home,” click the Sharing link. The next screen shows the people you’ve added to your MS Family. To enable sharing, simply click the Share Office link — or click the Start sharing button (see Figure 6) and send them an invitation. To disable Office 365 sharing with any member (which also removes the 60 free minutes of Skype per month and 1TB of OneDrive storage), click the Stop sharing link next to that person’s name.

    Start sharing button
    Figure 6. Clicking the Start sharing button sends an email or link, inviting the recipient to share your Office 365 subscription.

    Microsoft automatically creates a single group calendar for all MS Family members. To use this feature, go to your Outlook.com calendar and click the New event button at the top. In the event-entry box, click Calendar and select Family calendar (see Figure 7). Add the details for the event and then save it. On the main calendar page, make sure Family calendar is selected in the left sidebar so you can see the event. Other MS Family members can sign in to the same page to view the calendar and create events.

    Figure 7. Using MS Family automatically sets up a Family calendar.

    Finally, any adult in your MS Family can manage the various safety settings for children. To do so, open the online Your family page. Under the child’s account will be links for Activity, Screen time, Content restrictions, and More options. Explore these different sections to set the desired rules and restrictions.

    While you’re at it, check out the other information and services on your online MS Account page. It can help you manage devices, subscriptions, privacy, security, and payments. It’s a good resource to review from time to time.

    Questions or comments? Feedback on this article is always welcome in the AskWoody Lounge!

    Lance Whitney is a freelance technology reporter and former IT professional. He’s written for CNET, TechRepublic, PC Magazine, and other publications. He’s authored a book on Windows and another about LinkedIn.

    Best of the Lounge

    Some might call it sneaky. For others, it’s no big deal.

    If you’re trying to avoid unwanted “features” in your Win7 patches, choosing security-only updates may no longer be the way forward.


    A long time ago, you asked your teenager to reset the VCR. Today, you might need to call them to reset your lights.

    Windows 7

    Have a problem with an administrator password? You aren’t alone. Share your solution with Bill.

    Windows 10

    Have you tried Window’s System File Checker lately? It might just bark at you. Loungers have posted solutions!

    Windows 10

    You’ve done your research. You’re installing Windows 10 Home, and you want to use it with a local account. But wait! Where has that option gone? Oldergeeks has a way to magically make it to appear again.

    Mac OS for windows wonks

    Yes, there are Windows users who also have Macs. A lot of changes are coming to Apple products, and Nathan Parker alerts us to what’s in store.

    Microsoft Partners

    It isn’t just long-time Win10 Home and Pro users that are being abused. Microsoft’s “worst move in 30 years” is the headline, and Microsoft Partner Network members need to prepare for what’s ahead.

    Microsoft Office

    Bmeacham wants to make sure he buys a legitimate copy — and stay away from scams!

    If you’re not already a Lounge member, use the quick registration form to sign up for free.


    Win10’s 18-month ‘service life‘ complicates updates

    Fred Langa

    By Fred Langa

    All current versions of Windows 10 reach their official “end of service” just 18 months after their initial release.

    Once a version hits that sunset date, regular updates stop — which means you must successfully upgrade each Win10 version within that 18-month window or run the risk of operating without current, up-to-date security patches.

    Plus: Trouble finding disk-cache software? Blame Bing!

    A hardware issue totally blocks Win10 upgrades

    Writing from Australia, AskWoody subscriber David Melville asks for help with a problem that’s preventing updates to newer Win10 versions.

    Here’s his note, sent in two parts. First, he touches on a little-understood element of Win10’s service life that affects literally every Win10 user, everywhere!

    • “Hi, Fred! I went to Win10 because it would update itself ‘forever.’ But my rather average desktop PC won’t install Versions 1903, 1809, or even 1803.

      “The install history does say that Version 1803 successfully installed in May, but the Winver command says the system is still on 1709 (fall 2017) — so something’s in error.

      “Version 1709 seems to be OK so far, but I presume it’ll eventually run out of support. Do you know something about this?”

    It’s not “eventually” — David, it’s now! Win10 Version 1709 and all prior Win10 versions have already reached their official “end of service.” Those versions are now unsafe to use!

    Here’s the thing: Microsoft says each Win10 version gets just 18 months of security updates, starting from that version’s original spring or fall release date. Figure 1 shows the current and official Win10 end-of-service dates taken from Microsoft’s “Windows lifecycle fact sheet” (site).

    Win10 Versions' expiration dates
    Figure 1: Windows 10’s sunset dates: Those shaded in red have already expired; yellow shading denotes those (currently, Version 1803) soon to expire.

    So, while your Win10 license won’t expire, Microsoft’s support for any given version sure does! You must successfully upgrade Win10 at least once every 18 months, or you’ll no longer receive security updates.

    Thus, a problem like David’s — where something is preventing Win10 from updating — really demands attention. It can’t be ignored; it must be fixed sometime within that 18-month span.

    Now for the second part of David’s note: What’s preventing his PC from updating?

    • “… I’ve tried all the update suggestions: downloaded the wizard (which says everything should be OK), deleted previous downloads, etc.

      “The error code in the history is about drivers, so that should be easy to identify. Not! There are a couple dozen possibilities.

      “I tried one reasonable-sounding suggestion of unplugging all USB devices, but no change.

      “In every case, the install reaches 53 percent, then says Windows has found something it can’t configure and backs out. But what it found, it doesn’t say.

      “I had a 4-port USB add-in card in the machine — not terribly unusual but not 100 percent standard, either. So I took that out of the PC and unplugged all the USB devices again. This time it successfully updated to Version 1803!

      “Next, after installing all 1803 updates, I tried upgrading to Versions 1809 and 1903 — but my PC reverted to its previous bad behavior of stopping at 53 percent.”

    That’s good detective work, David! You’ve already isolated the problem. Clearly, the add-on USB card or one of your other USB devices is doing something unexpected and messing up the upgrading process.

    The good news is that it should be a very easy fix: I just checked, and a basic, new, 4-port USB card is available in Australia for under A$10. Call me lazy, but if this were my PC, I’d simply pull and discard the USB board and replace it outright. If that solves the problem, you’re done! If not, try updating with just one USB device plugged in at a time — until you identify the device that’s causing the failure. You can then repair or replace that device.

    Take a victory lap, David, and reward yourself with a new and better USB hub — and a subsequently updated, current, and more-secure Windows 10!

    Trouble finding disk-cache software? Blame it on Bing!

    Subscriber Ken Carter’s search for RAM-based disk-cache software ran into the weeds, through no fault of his! He writes:

    • “In Part 3 of your article ‘Optane disappointment leads to a “Plan B,”‘ you say, ‘I hadn’t used a RAM-based disk cache in years: I was blown away by the improvement it made, even to an already-fast SSD …. Simply search for “disk cache software.”‘

      “I apparently don’t understand which ‘disk cache software’ to search for. Most of what I find mentions using the SSD for improving speed. I want to use memory (yes?) to improve my SSD speed. What am I missing? Thanks for your help.”

    I don’t think it’s you, Ken. I bet you were led astray by Bing, Microsoft’s default search engine.

    When you search for “disk cache software” on Google, the very first item displayed is PrimoCache, a general-purpose, RAM-based disk cache that can work with HDDs and SSDs (30-day free trial; U.S. $29.95 to keep; site). PrimoCache is exactly the kind of software I was talking about, but there are many others.

    However, while researching your question, Ken, I tried the same search on Bing. The top results were (as you say) mostly for software designed to turn small SSDs into Optane-like caches for conventional hard drives. Those results were followed by lots and lots of RAM-drive info — that’s not the type of software I was talking about!

    I generally prefer Google for tech-related searching. Bing isn’t horrible; it usually gets you in the same ballpark. But — as this search demonstrated — it strikes out often enough that I don’t rely on it.

    Sorry, Ken — and anyone else who had trouble finding disk-cache info!

    Give PrimoCache or similar tools a spin. PrimoCache is free for a month: plenty of time to find out whether RAM-based disk caching is worthwhile on your PC.

    Send your questions and topic suggestions to Fred at fred@askwoody.com. Feedback on this article is always welcome in the AskWoody Lounge!

    Fred Langa has been writing about tech — and, specifically, about personal computing — for as long as there have been PCs. And he is one of the founding members of the original Windows Secrets newsletter. Check out Langa.com for all Fred’s current projects.

    July updates come with a few warts

    Susan BradleyBy Susan Bradley

    This month’s Windows and Office updates are settling in without raising any major alarms. But it’s still early, and caution dictates deferring the patches for another week or so.

    July’s updates do fix a couple of issues from previous months: the IE/Power BI conflict and the Event Viewer error message — both of which impacted just a small number of Windows users.

    Currently, the most significant issue with July updates is a detection problem with KB 4506161, a Visual Studio patch that won’t install on all systems. Microsoft will probably re-release this update sometime soon, so I recommend skipping it for now.

    Other known issues with July updates shouldn’t affect most Windows users — or they’ve been around for several months, indicating that they’re major pain points for only a very small number of MS customers.

    Not fixed is Version 1903’s failing Sandbox feature on systems with languages other than English. Another limited-issue bug impacts only those users who have set up “always on” VPN. There is a fix coming for Remote Access Connection Manager (the service stops working), but apparently we won’t see it until the end of the month. Until then, use the workaround described in KB 4507453.

    - What to do: July’s updates are looking fairly clean. However, unless noted below, I suggest deferring them for at least another week. The updates contain security fixes, but there are no reports of imminent threats.

    Patch Watch Master Patch lists

    We’ve been updating Master Patch List spreadsheets and PDFs about every two weeks — typically a few days after Patch Tuesday and then again later in the month, when we give the all-clear report on safe patches (the second monthly Patch Watch). Over the past few weeks, I’ve also back-filled patch information to the beginning of this year. There are three sets of Excel/PDF update files: Windows 10, pre-Windows 10, and Office/Exchange/SQL.

    Feel free to give us feedback on these tables by clicking the AskWoody.com forum link at the bottom of this article. You’ll also find our recommended rules for patching below, as a service to new Patch Watch readers.

    Windows 10 updates

    Win10 1903 might be brand-new, but in July it joins older Win10 versions in receiving a solid batch of security patches. All versions also get a few non-security fixes, including one for a BitLocker issue that might put the encryption app into recovery mode. Another fix prevents system crashes when you use Win10 to capture photos and video (more info).

    Win10 users should also be aware of an issue that just cropped up. As reported in an AskWoody.com post, there is a problem with the OS’s System File Checker command: sfc /scannow. Running the command will pop up an error message about corrupted files (see Figure 1). However, it appears the problem isn’t caused by one of the following updates but rather by the latest virus-definition files dropped by Microsoft on July 10. Expect a fix soon.

    Scannow error
    Figure 1. Starting July 10, running System File Checker (sfc /scannow) on some machines returns this corrupt-files error.

    Note to Win10 1803 users: That version will reach its end of service on November 12, 2019. Home and Pro editions will need to be upgraded to Versions 1809 or 1903 before that date to continue receiving security updates.

    July’s Windows 10 updates include:

    • 4507453 for Version 1903
    • 4507469 for Version 1809 and Server 2019
    • 4507435 for Version 1803
    • 4507455 for Version 1709 (Enterprise and Education editions only)
    • 4507450 for Version 1703 (Enterprise and Education editions only)
    • 4507460 for Version 1607 (Long-Term Servicing Channels; LTSC) and Server 2016

    July also included servicing-stack updates that need to be installed before the above cumulative updates. Apparently, their sole purpose is to fix the BitLocker/Secure Boot problem. (An update to Secure Boot could push BitLocker into recovery mode, forcing users to enter a BitLocker password in order to boot their systems.)

    Note: As with the rollups listed above, only the Enterprise and Education editions of Win10 Versions 1607 through 1709 will receive servicing-stack and .NET updates.

    July’s servicing-stack patches include:

    Finally, Microsoft released .NET Framework updates — mostly for Version 4.8. As noted below, .NET 4.8 is built into Win10 1903 and 1809. On all other versions, the update will be installed only if .NET 4.8 is on your system — either because you manually added it or because an application automatically installed it. Users running Version 1809 will see a separate security update for .NET 4.7. Yes, it’s very confusing, but the simple answer is to defer them all for now.

    • 4506991 for Version 1903 (Versions 3.5 and 4.8)
    • 4506998 for Version 1809 and Server 2019 (Versions 3.5 and 4.7.2)
    • 4506990 for Win10 1809 and Server 2019 (if Version 3.5 or 4.8 installed)
    • 4506989 for Win10 1803 (if Version 4.8 installed)
    • 4506988 for Win10 1709 (if Version 4.8 installed)
    • 4506987 for Win10 1703 (if Version 4.8 installed)
    Windows 8.1/Server 2012 R2

    Win8.1 also gets a July servicing-stack update to fix the BitLocker/Secure Boot problem. The cumulative and security updates fix many of the same vulnerabilities addressed in Windows 10. But July Win8.1 updates also include hold-over issues that mostly affect enterprise systems. See the “Known issues” section in the patch-information pages linked below. Also look for a rollup .NET update or a security-only patch for Versions 3.5, 4.5.2, 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2, and 4.8.

    • 4504418 – Servicing stack
    • 4507448 – Monthly rollup
    • 4507457 – Security-only
    • 4507434 – Internet Explorer 11 (install with the security-only update)
    • 4507422 – .NET rollup
    • 4507413 – .NET security-only
    Windows 7/Server 2008 R2 SP1

    July’s update addresses new vulnerabilities, but its list of fixes is a mixed bag. Although it corrects the IE/Power BI and Event Viewer bugs, it still has issues with McAfee Endpoint Security plus the ongoing Preboot Execution Environment problem. But again, those are mostly of concern in enterprise settings.

    Another update wrinkle: PKCano reports in an AskWoody.com post that Microsoft included additional telemetry in the security-only patch. This appears to be a repeat of an earlier attempt by Microsoft to collect Win7-system information as an often unwanted precursor to pushing out Win10 upgrades. This time, however, Microsoft isn’t using the information to set you up for a Win10 upgrade — merely to review the capabilities of systems to accept an upgrade.

    The .NET Framework updates — both rollup and security-only — fix a remote-code-execution vulnerability in Versions 3.5, 4.5.2, 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2, and 4.8.

    July’s Windows 7 updates include:

    • 4507449 – Monthly rollup
    • 4507456 – Security-only
    • 4507434 – Internet Explorer 11 (install with the security-only patch)
    • 4507420 – .NET quality and security rollup
    • 4507411 – .NET security-only
    Windows Server 2012 updates

    The updates for Server 2012 fix (and don’t fix) the same issues that impacted workstation versions of Windows.

    • 4504418 – Servicing stack
    • 4507462 – Monthly rollup
    • 4507464 – Security-only
    • 4507434 – Internet Explorer 10 (install with security-only update)
    • 4507421 – .NET quality and security rollup
    • 4507412 – .NET security-only
    Windows Server 2008 SP2

    The following updates were released for Server 2008 SP2:

    • 4507452 – Monthly rollup
    • 4507461 – Security-only
    • 4507434 – Internet Explorer 9 (install with security-only update)
    • 4507423 – .NET quality and security rollup for Versions 2.0, 3.0, 4.5.2, and 4.6
    • 4507414 – .NET security-only for Versions 3.0 SP2, 4.5.2, and 4.6
    Office security and non-security updates

    July’s Office security updates fix several remote-code-execution vulnerabilities that could be exploited in phishing attacks.

    Office 2016

    Office 2013 SP1

    Office 2010 SP2

    The following Office non-security feature enhancements and fixes were released on July 2.

    Office 2016

    • 4032236 – Office; broken emojis
    • 4462237 – Access; crashes in non-design mode
    • 4464582 – Office; hangs when referencing nonexistent templates
    • 4464595 – Office; data linked to SharePoint list displayed as “#Deleted”
    • 4475515 – Office, changes to Outlook holiday file
    • 4475518 – Project; resource-allocation issues and TaskDependencies.add failures
    • 4475521 – Word; crashes and other fixes

    Office 2013

    • 4475525 – Word 2013; Outlook crashes

    Office 2010

    • 3114397 – Office; Japanese-language support
    • 3114879 – Filter Pack; improved security and stability
    Patch Watch rules for updating

    Again, these are our current recommendations for patching Windows and Office. They may change as Microsoft evolves its updating process.

    • Monthly security patches ship on the second Tuesday of each month (Patch Tuesday). For all versions of Windows, defer them for at least 15 days — June 26, for this month’s updates. (On Windows 10, it’ll still wait for 15 days if you click Check for updates.)
    • Microsoft sends out preview updates, typically on the third Tuesday of each month. They are completely optional and should be skipped on any system not used exclusively for testing. I list the previews in our Master Patch List spreadsheets, so you can look up their KB numbers and see whether they’re available. Again, we strongly recommend you don’t install them on production systems.
    • Remember: Updates can be deferred on Windows 10 Pro and above. If you’re running Win10 Home Version 1903, you can pause patching for up to seven days; for earlier versions, we recommend upgrading to Win10 Pro.
    • Ensure that Windows 7 is set to download or check for updates, but don’t automatically install them. It’s your best defense against problematic patches.

    Stay safe out there.

    Questions or comments? Feedback on this article is always welcome in the AskWoody Lounge!

    In real life, Susan Bradley is a Microsoft Security MVP and IT wrangler at a California accounting firm, where she manages a fleet of servers, virtual machines, workstations, iPhones, and other digital devices. She also does forensic investigations of computer systems for the firm.

    Best Utilities

    Freeware Spotlight — Eraser

    Deanna McElveenBy Deanna McElveen

    When you run a computer repair/IT business such as ours, you’re always looking for software to make your job easier.

    Recently, I was looking for a program that would securely wipe free space on refurbished computers without zapping Windows. I ran across Eraser (developed by Garrett Trant, Joel Low, and Dennis van Lith; more info) and decided to give it a try. I’m glad I did.

    Eraser is an open-source Windows program that has an interface similar to that of a backup program. But instead of saving your files, it securely removes them — or, more accurately, overwrites them. And when I say remove, I mean wiped clean! This is a serious utility designed for experienced Windows users.

    As always, I recommend downloading the app and following along with my demonstration. You can grab it from its download page on our OlderGeeks.com site.

    Note: Eraser is very efficient at wiping data — from single files to entire drives. Be sure you have a full system backup before using this app, especially as you’re becoming familiar with how it works.

    After downloading, click the Eraser .exe file to launch the setup wizard. Eraser needs Microsoft’s .NET Framework 4.0 or higher: the setup process will check whether it’s installed. And if needed, the setup wizard will add .NET for you. Once that’s done the Eraser setup will continue (see Figure 1).

    Eraser setup wizard
    Figure 1. Eraser’s setup wizard steps you through a short and simple install process.

    The wizard gives three options during setup: Typical (recommended), Custom, or Complete. Custom lets you install just the features you need to minimize the use of drive space. For this review, I stuck with Typical (see Figure 2). Note that the install process will require a system reboot.

    Setup options
    Figure 2. Eraser’s three installation options

    There are two ways to use Eraser, but both are based on the concept of tasks (see Figure 3). You can create tasks that run immediately — or set up scheduled tasks that run daily, weekly, monthly, or whenever.

    Main eraser windows
    Figure 3. The utility’s simple main window lists disk-wiping tasks you’ve set up.

    Why do you need a secure wipe program to run on a schedule? Well, there are lots of reasons; here’s one example:

    Let’s say you’re doing incremental backups to an external drive. Your backup program is removing all but the most-recent five backups. Windows thinks the old files are gone because they’re marked as deleted in the Master File Table (in NTFS) or the File Allocation Table (FAT).

    But those files are still on the drive — untouched — until another file is written over them by Windows. Until that happens, the files can be easily recovered with simple and free recovery software.

    Eraser lets you wipe the “free” space on a drive or in designated folders; and it can do so on a set schedule, such as immediately after your backup software completes its scheduled work. This procedure can also work for automatic SQL-database backups.

    How to build file-wiping tasks

    Okay, let’s create a task. Start by clicking the down arrow next to Erase Schedule and select New Task (see Figure 4).

    New Task
    Figure 4. Select New Task to create a scheduled drive wipe.

    The Task Properties dialog box will pop up with four options under the Task tab (see Figure 5). Give the new task a name and select one of the following:

    • Run manually: Run only when you select it.
    • Run immediately: Same as “Run manually,” but it runs right away and saves as a manual task to use again.
    • Run on restart: Runs each time the computer restarts.
    • Recurring: Lets you create a set schedule for the task.

    Task Properties screen
    Figure 5. Use the Task Properties box to select task type and set up scheduled tasks.

    Note that the Schedule tab’s options are grayed out until you choose the “Recurring” option.

    Next, click Add Data to select what gets erased — the Select Data to Erase dialog box, shown in Figure 6, will pop up.

    Select Data to Erase
    Figure 6. The Select Data to Erase box lets you define what will get wiped.

    In the Target type field, you have the following choices (see Figure 7):

    • File: Securely wipes a single file.
    • Files in Folder: Wipes all files in a designated folder. You’ll be able to filter through “Masks.” See Eraser’s help section for more on this option.
    • Recycle Bin: Securely wipes the recycle bin.
    • Unused disk space: Securely wipes the “empty” space on a chosen drive.
    • Secure move: Securely moves a file or folder to a new location and wipes original location.
    • Drive/Partition: Securely wipes an entire drive or partition.

    Set target type
    Figure 7. The first selection for what to erase is the target type.

    Erasure method defines how data will be wiped — or, again, how it will be overwritten. The default option (see Figure 8) will use the utility’s global default settings, though you can change those defaults in the main screen’s Settings menus. You can, of course, pick an alternate method from the list.

    If your Target type selection has further settings/options, they’ll appear in the Settings section. For example, if you select Secure move, “From” and “To” fields will appear.

    Note: Go ahead and keep “Erase cluster tips” checked. Some files overlap a little into additional clusters. This option ensures that even unused parts of a cluster that contained some file data get zapped, too.

    For this demonstration, I’m going to set a schedule that will erase the unused disk space of a backup drive (see Figure 9).

    Erasure method
    Figure 8. To start, use the default option for erasure method.

    Defining the wipe target
    Figure 9. In this example, I’m wiping unused space on backup drive F:.

    After defining what the new task will do, I then use the Task Properties/Schedule box to set when it will run (see Figure 10). Eraser gives you lots of flexibility when establishing a schedule.

    Schedule task
    Figure 10. For my new task, I’ve scheduled it to run every day at 11:00pm.

    I now have my schedule all set (see Figure 11). Using the above steps and the various options, I can build many different types of tasks and schedules. Eraser is an impressive piece of software for no cost — though donations are certainly appreciated.

    New task in task list
    Figure 11. My new task is listed in the main screen. Create as many as you need.

    The program has some pretty cool features under Settings in the main window (see Figure 12). For example, you can:

    • Easily change the language of the program.
    • Integrate Eraser into Windows Explorer to quickly wipe files and folders with a right click.
    • Choose global erasure methods (which can be overridden in individual tasks).
    • Force unlocking of stubborn files.
    • Replace erased files with other files to allow “plausible deniability” (evil laugh) by making it appear as if no space has been lost.

    Settings options
    Figure 12. Eraser’s Settings screen lets you customize the utility’s default settings.

    Go ahead and play with Eraser but be sure you have a current system backup first. Check out the help menu for more details — and let us know how you make use of the app in the AskWoody.com comments. Maybe your experience will help someone else.

    Questions or comments? Feedback on this article is always welcome in the AskWoody Lounge!

    Deanna and Randy McElveen are celebrating 20 years in the computer business, seven years running OlderGeeks.com and 26 years of putting up with each other. Their computer store is in a small town in the Missouri Ozarks. Believing that happy customers are always the best advertisement, they hope to do it for another 20 years.

    Publisher: AskWoody LLC (woody@askwoody.com); editor: Tracey Capen (editor@askwoody.com).

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