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  • Shutdown vs Restart?

    Home Forums AskWoody support Windows Windows 10 Questions: Win10 Shutdown vs Restart?

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      • #2345020
        JohnWill
        AskWoody Plus

        Can anyone please tell me the difference between Shutdown and Restart? I am running Windows 10 Pro. If I use Restart, it can take over an hour to get back in to Windows after I log in. If I use Shutdown and physically power up my PC, I get into Windows immediately after log in. Is there anything I can do to make Restart work properly again?

      • #2345045
        Paul T
        AskWoody MVP

        Shutdown turns your PC off and uses either hibernation or “fast start” if enabled.
        Restart is a complete restart of your hardware and Windows, where all hardware devices are queried.

        Do you have lots of external devices?
        Unusual cards in the PC?
        Unknown devices (Win R, msinfo32, expand Components, Problem devices)?

        cheers, Paul

        1 user thanked author for this post.
        • #2345063
          JohnWill
          AskWoody Plus

          Nothing unusual with my external devices – mouse, keyboard, camera, external hard drive – so a pretty straightforward set up but doing a restart takes over an hour.

      • #2345054
        DaveA
        AskWoody_MVP

        A true shut Down will turn disconnect all attached devices, while a restart may keep some devices still connected.

        DaveA I am so far behind, I think I am First
        Genealogy....confusing the dead and annoying the living

        1 user thanked author for this post.
      • #2345101
        Alex5723
        AskWoody Plus

        If I use Restart, it can take over an hour to get back in to Windows after I log in.

        My Windows 10 pro takes less than a minute from restart to desktop.
        Windows 10’s shutdown isn’t a real shutdown. Restart is the real shutdown.

        Shutting Down Doesn’t Fully Shut Down Windows 10 (But Restarting Does)

        Check the startup programs you run on restart (shutdown).

        • This reply was modified 1 week, 5 days ago by Alex5723.
      • #2345117
        RetiredGeek
        AskWoody MVP

        John,

        You didn’t give us a whole lot of info on your PC but my recommendation would be to do this:

        1. Disable Fast Start (Control Panel\Hardware and Sound\Power Options\System Settings & click the Change Settings that are current unavailable link)
        2. Disable Hibernation. (Open a Command Prompt as Admin then type: powercfg.exe /hibernate off). BTW this will also disable Fast Start.
        3. Reboot/Restart
        4. If you have a spinning platter drive (HDD) defrag it! Better yet replace it with an solid state drive (SSD).
        5. Check the free space on your drive. If it is getting full it will slow things down. Run Disk Cleanup and make sure to check Clean Up System Files!
        6. Check your memory (RAM) utilization using Task Manager (Ctrl-Shift-Esc) if it’s high at Idle you need more memory or check the Startup Tab for programs that don’t need to start every time you boot, e.g. Chrome Updater, etc.
        7. Have you cleaned your PC lately. Good idea to clean out the dust especially on the cooling fans and heat sinks. Use a can of compressed air (place a pencil in the fans to keep from ruining the fan bearings!) You may need Q-Tips and alcohol to get the gunk off of the fan blades. Use a utility to check your system temps. If it is running hot it may throttle the CPU.

        HTH 😎

        May the Forces of good computing be with you!

        RG

        PowerShell & VBA Rule!
        Computer Specs

        • This reply was modified 1 week, 5 days ago by RetiredGeek.
        1 user thanked author for this post.
        • #2345462
          JohnWill
          AskWoody Plus

          Hi RG

          Thanks for that. It seems counter-intuitive to disable Fast Start when the only way I can restart my PC quickly is to do a Shutdown rather than a Restart. Will disabling Fast Start change the behaviour of a Restart?

          Windows system disk is SSD already.

          • This reply was modified 1 week, 4 days ago by JohnWill.
          • #2345464
            Paul T
            AskWoody MVP

            Fast start only affects shutdown AFAIK.

            Disconnect all external devices and see if restart is quicker.

            cheers, Paul

            1 user thanked author for this post.
            • #2345468
              JohnWill
              AskWoody Plus

              Thanks Paul. I’ll give it a try when I’ve got some time. Obviously, I can’t sit around waiting for my PC to start (2 hours this morning) when I’ve got work to do!

              • This reply was modified 1 week, 4 days ago by JohnWill.
      • #2345264
        Paul T
        AskWoody MVP

        The latest newsletter has an article on this.

        How to create a bootable macOS installer

        cheers, Paul

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